Advantages for industrial process analysis (PAT) with the new ultra-high-temperature jacket (UHTJ)
Additional protection for fibers coated with polyimide (PI), silicone and high-temperature acrylate
The use of process analysis is now an established method for the monitoring and quality assurance of process steps in the chemicals industry, pharmaceuticals, the food industry, and agriculture.
When optical fibers are used for high-temperature applications, the fused silica used to transmit the light in the cable is unproblematic, since it melts at temperatures over 1,000 °C. The fiber coating around the glass material – known as the “jacket” or “buffer” – is more of a problem, however.
One potential high-temperature solution in applications with temperatures up to 700°C is the use of a metal coating like aluminum or gold. These fibers are very expensive, however, and are considered only for exceptional cases where their use is unavoidable. One example is a situation where optical spectroscopy probes have to be dipped into aggressive, hot solutions for taking measurements in the chemicals industry. Much more common, however, is the use of polyimide-coated fibers, which offer a wide temperature range from −190 °C to +385 °C. We are one of the leading manufacturers of these special fibers, which are sold both as plain fiber and as pre-assembled all-in-one solutions.
List of application temperatures:
- −40 °C to +150 °C –> High-temperature acrylate jacket
- −40 °C to +180 °C -> Silicone jacket
- −40 °C to +150 °C -> ETFE jacket
- −100 °C to +260 °C -> Ultra high-temperature jacket (UHTJ)
- −190 °C to +385 °C -> Polyimide without a protective jacket
- −269 °C to +400 °C -> Aluminum coating
- −269 °C to +700 °C -> Gold coating
While the wide temperature range offered by polyimide-coated fibers is adequate for many high-temperature applications, these fibers do have some disadvantages: they are very sensitive to any mechanical damage to the surface and even small scratches can lead to the fiber breaking. This is not critical for short assembled lengths of up to around a meter. For longer lengths, however, it does become relevant – especially in applications where fibers are moved mechanically.
With its ultra high-temperature jacket (UHTJ), LEONI has developed a mechanically rugged product that offers an industry-optimized solution for many applications, even though its −100 °C to +260 °C temperature range does not quite match that for polyimide. The fiber structure features a polyimide-coated fused silica fiber, onto which a specially designed ultra-high-temperature jacket (UHTJ) is applied using an extrusion process. The jacket offers outstanding chemical stability and is also flame-retarding. The material does not outgas, which means it can be deployed like polyimide in vacuum plants.
Our customers in industrial spectroscopy have been highly impressed with the benefits of this solution, where its excellent mechanical properties have noticeably reduced the likelihood of plant downtime. This has been the case especially for cable movements – such as when replacing measuring sensors, converting chemical plants, and during scheduled maintenance activities. The often considerable costs related to these earlier problems have also been reduced, since downtime costs also have to be added to the expense involved in spare part procurement.
In industrial environments, we can now offer you an all-in-one solution for optical fiber systems. In the immediate vicinity of the process, fibers with ultra high-temperature jackets (UHTJs) are deployed, which are installed into the respective process sensors or their connections. These are then coupled to optical cables for industrial spectroscopy with extra protection for the less excessive temperatures in the installation area. While high temperatures do not affect these long lengths of fiber, other parameters then become important, such as being easy to lay, ruggedness, UV resistance, and – in particular – compatibility with use in potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX).
Nor is the new jacket material limited to being used to cover a polyimide coating: it can also be extruded onto other jacket materials such as silicone and high-temperature acrylate. Relevant applications for high-temperature optical fibers include laser cutting and laser welding plants, for example, where optical power of several kilowatts is transmitted through a fiber optic cable from a laser unit to an industrial robot. For these cable systems, special pluggable fiber systems are used, which require the removal of coating and jacket during assembly. This is very easy to do with the ultra high-temperature Jacket (UHTJ) material, since it has been designed to be simple to strip.
Please talk to us about options for custom cables combined with the new ultra high-temperature jacket (UHTJ). We will be happy to work with you on a solution tailored to your application.